The preamble to the Constitution declares India a Sovereign Socialist Secular Democratic Republic and a welfare state dedicated to secure justice, liberty, equality for the people and for promoting fraternity, dignity, unity & integrity of the individual and the nation.
The Constitution of India was drafted between December 1946 -1949 (the most challenging period for India), adopted by the Constituent Assembly on November 26, 1949, and came into effect on January 26, 1950.
B R Ambedkar (called the Father of the Constitution of India) is regarded as the chief architect of the Indian Constitution.
It is the longest written liberal democratic constitution of any sovereign country in the world with 25 parts containing 448 articles,12 schedules and five appendices. There are a total of 117,369 words in the English version of the Constitution of India.
It was neither printed nor typed, rather it was handwritten by Prem Behari Narain Raizada and beautifully calligraphed in both Hindi and English languages. Each page was magnificently decorated by artists from Shanti Niketan including Beohar Rammanohar Sinha and Nandalal Bose.
The original copies of the Indian Constitution are kept in the special helium cases in the Library of the Parliament of India.
Since the Indian Constitution came into effect, the women in India got the right to vote.
Our Constitution can be called as ‘bag of borrowings’ as some provisions were borrowed from other countries like Japan, US, Germany to name a few, which means that our Constitution makers took inspiration from various other Constitutions while drafting the Indian Constitution.