New Education Policy 2020 (NEP 2020): Key Proposals, Major Challenges & More

About Education Policy 2020

Modi Government announces the New Education Policy 2020 which brings out the major reforms in the education system. The NEP 2020 is meant to provide an overreaching and far-fetched vision and comprehensive framework for both schools and higher education across the country. This policy aims at making ‘India a global knowledge superpower’.

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What Are Some Key Proposals?

The NEP proposes to change the school curriculum structure from the current class (class 1 to 10 of general education along with the two years of higher secondary school) with a 5+3+3+4 structure (New Pedagogical and curricular structure), bringing children from ages 3 to 5 within the formal education system.

A mission for foundational literacy, free meals in government schools, vocational education along with internships from class 6 and revised design of board examinations are some of the major proposals. Top foreign universities will also be allowed to set up campuses in India.

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For higher education, a new system has been proposed, with separate verticals for regulation, standard-setting, accreditation, and funding. The abolition of the M Phil program is also there in this new policy.

Further, there will be e-content in regional languages and e-courses to be introduced in eight major languages apart from English and Hindi. Indian Sign Language (ISL) will also be standardized across the country.

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What Are The Major Challenges & Difficulties?

  • Government approves plan to boost state spending on education to 6% of GDP. Earlier, the government used to spend 3% of the GDP to education i.e. 5.5 lakh crores.
  • The students have to give the entrance examinations after 10+2 for admission into higher educational institutions.
  • The English language is an optional subject till class 5th.
  • Addition of the concept of multidisciplinary diversification.
  • Inclusive education is promoted in the NEP 2020.
  • The requirement of legal changes and formulation of an Act.
  • The requirement for funding for free meals and other financial assistance.
  • The increase in funding has been proposed but not achieved for the last half-century.

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What Is The Timeline For Implementation?

  • This policy is meant to transform the education system by 2040. There are over 100 action points in the Policy. Implementations will be done in phases, based on time, region, and types of institutes.
  • For instance, four-year undergraduate degrees with multiple entry-exit options will be introduced in the 20 Institutes of Eminence (IoEs) in 2020-21, while others continue to be three-year undergraduate courses.
  • The National Testing Agency will introduce a pilot version of the comma entrance test by December 2020. The NCERT will introduce a new school structure by next academic year. Apart from that, the National Foundational Literacy and Numeracy Mission to be implemented by 2025.

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Just like Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam said, “We are a bridge from a grand past to a glorious future.” This New Education Policy will also help the students in the rise of their academic and professional personality.

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 Key Points Of The New Education Policy 2020:

  1. Bagless days encouraged
  2. Free boarding facilities in JNV
  3. Preschool section in Kendriya Vidyalayas
  4. Nutrition and health cards, regular health check-ups for school students
  5. Various new provisions for children with disabilities
  6. Dedicated unit for digital and online learning
  7. National Scholarship Portal for SC, ST, OBC students to be expanded
  8. Preparatory class Balavatika for children below the age of 5
  9. Coding to be taught from class 6 onwards
  10. HRD Ministry to be renamed as the education ministry

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