COVID-19 (Coronavirus): All You Need To know  

Coronavirus: The Past, Present, and Future

What is Coronavirus?

Coronavirus (abbreviated “COVID-19”), the fast-spreading disease is a virus that causes illness ranging from the common cough & cold to fever, shortness of breath and severe respiratory symptoms i.e. Middle East Respiratory Syndrome & Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome. The new Coronavirus infection, with a considerable number of infectious cases morphing from mild to deadly, has emerged as a contender. The disease has not only caused panic but it has also hurt the economy of the countries with a majority of Coronavirus losses.

When and Where did it occur first?

The infectious disease was unknown before the outbreak instigated in Wuhan, China, in December 2019. Responding to an outbreak of severe respiratory diseases, Coronavirus was first detected in China. The virus is titled “SARS-CoV-2” and the disease it has been causing has been referred to as “Coronavirus disease”.

History of Coronavirus?

The evolution of Coronavirus states that Coronavirus is zoonotic, demonstrating that it is transmitted between humans and animals. Detailed investigations reveal that SARS-CoV was spread from civet cats to humans and MERS-CoV from dromedary to humans.

How is Coronavirus spreading?

People can catch COVID-19 easily from others who are infected by the virus. The infectious illness can spread from person to person through small droplets from the mouth or nose which are spread when a COVID-19 infected person coughs or sneezes. Other people can catch COVID-19 by touching the objects or surfaces where the droplets landed on, then touching their nose, eyes or mouth. It is highly recommended to keep at least 3 feet of distance from a sick person.

Protective measures for everyone

Limit the spread of infection caused through COVID-19 by following everyday measures:

  1. Highly advised to clean your hands thoroughly with an alcohol-based hand wash or wash them with soap and water.
  2. Stay three feet apart from an infected person who you see is sneezing or coughing
  3. Avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth.
  4. Stay home if you feel sick or happen to witness any symptoms such as fever, cough, and difficulty in breathing. Seek medical advice at the earliest.
  5. Ensure that you and the people around you practice good respiratory hygiene. Cover your mouth and nose with a mask or disposable tissue. Remember to discard the tissue in a bin immediately after use.
  6. Avoid public gatherings and crowded places.
  7. Stay updated on the latest COVID-19 hotspots.

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To conclude, the recent outbreak of infections with Coronavirus has flickered anxiety worldwide and concern that the virus may spread out too far and too rapidly and take a toll on life before medical experts discover a way to stop it. However, it is strongly recommended to take preventive measures and limit the spread of infectious diseases caused by Coronavirus.

All your most common questions about the COVID-19 outbreak answered

Q. What is COVID-19?

To evade the confusion, for better understanding and to streamline reporting, WHO has named the virus COVID-19 i.e. Corona VIrus Disease 2019).

Q. Where did the virus come from?

The virus has originated in Wuhan city, China and it has killed more than 3,800 people and infected more than 110,000 as on date.

Q. How does the CoronaVirus spread?

WHO says the virus can move from one person to another through:

  • Respiratory droplets like when a person sneezes or coughs.
  • Direct contact with infected folks.
  • Any contact with contaminated surfaces or objects.

Q. What are the symptoms of COVID-19?

Symptoms include- Fever, high body temperature, dry cough, fatigue, muscle pain, difficulty in breathing.

Q. Is there a treatment for a Novel Coronavirus Infection?

Till date, there is no specific treatment for disease caused by a Novel Coronavirus.

Q- Is blood type linked to coronavirus infection risk?

Researchers in China have identified that people with A Blood Group are more vulnerable to the coronavirus infection. 

Q- The most & the least affected continent by coronavirus?

Africa has recorded the least number of coronavirus cases globally whereas European and Asian continents are highly affected.

Q-How is social distancing different from self-quarantine and self-isolation?

Self-quarantine – when you’re fine but separate yourself from others because there is a chance you’ve been exposed to a disease.

Self-isolation – when you may have some symptoms & do not want to make other people affected.

Q- Ways Of Social Distancing :- The dos and don’ts of social distancing

  • Limit in-person meetings, interactions at home/workplace
  • Cut down on large gatherings
  • Do not visit market/crowded areas
  • Consider distance learning or e-learning
  • Stagger work schedules
  • Reduce workplace meetings/social contacts
  • Say no to lunch/dinner meet-ups, after-work hangouts
  • Say no to every travel plan

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There is no vaccine to prevent Coronavirus(COVID-19). So,…

  1. Wash hands for min.20 seconds with a bar of soap or alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
  2. Cover nose & mouth with a tissue paper, handkerchief, or flexed elbow, if you cough or sneeze.
  3. Stay home, self-isolate from others if you’re unwell or have any symptoms.

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